What is the ideal density of hair in Hair Transplant

What is the ideal density of hair in Hair Transplant

To understand the ideal density of hair in hair transplant, we first need to understand what density of hair means.

Density of hair is the number of hairs which are located within an area of the scalp. This density can mean both the natural density of hair and that after hair transplant.

It is usually measured in grafts per square centimeter. It is important to remember that here we are using the word 'grafts' and not 'hairs'. Each graft can contain from 1 to 4 or even more hairs.

The natural density of hair in a young person is usually around 80 to 100 grafts per square centimeter. As we age, both the number of hairs per graft and the number of grafts per square centimeter comes down. Hair loss becomes noticeable only when hair density falls below 40 or 50 grafts per square centimeter.

Here lies the main principle of hair transplant. A density of 40 to 50 grafts per square centimeter is sufficient to attain a good cover for the head. Plus other techniques like using grafts with higher number of hairs like 3 hair or 4 hair grafts at the front and lesser number of hairs are used to give a very good cover with only 40 to 50 grafts or even less per square centimenter.

Several studies have shown that when grafts are packed closely more than 50 grafts per sq cm, the survival of grafts falls down. So it is not advisable to give more than 50 grafts per square cm.

But as we have seen, a density of less than 50 is sufficient to give a good cover, so we obtain very satisfactory results with this density.

If a higher density is wished for, then a second transplant is done after 6 months in which grafts can be planted in between existing grafts to give an even higher density.

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Quality assuarance

Arogyam Hair Transplant Clinic takes several steps to ensure that quality is maintained for each and every patient. The key to quality maintenance is to implement quantizable quality standards and maintain proper documentation and review of processes. Downtown Hospital is an ISO 9001:2008 and NABH accredited hospital which demands strict adherence to quality control.Steps taken are:

Safety assurance: all procedures are done in the main OT of Downtown Hospital with its full complement of anesthesiologists and critical care specialists. Hence patients are assured of full safety standards at the same level as that of major surgeries including transplant surgeries. 

Sterilization assurance: since procedures are done in the major OT full sterilization is maintained. Fumigation is done every week and swab tests are done to check for contamination.

Best instrumentation: Arogyam Hair Transplant Clinic uses the best available instruments like 6X Heine Loupe for precision and accuracy, Blunt Titanium punches which avoids damage and transection of the Follicular Units, Choi implanters to standardise the process of planting and prevent damage during planting, Major OT level sterilization, fumigation and autoclaving of all instruments, etc.

Efficiency count: Efficiency counts for FUE like transection rates and speed of transplant are noted and documented for each case and reviewed every 10 cases. Arogyam Hair Transplant achieves international standards of transection and speed consistently.

Counting trays: Counting trays are used to contain the follicular units and all patients are given photographs on their mobiles which they can use to easily count the number of follicular units taken out so that they can be sure that they have received the correct number of FU's.

Dr. P. J. Mazumdar is the first and only American Board Certified Diplomate of the American Board of Hair Restoration Surgery and all procedures are done following the ethical and technical guidelines of the American Board of Hair Restoration Surgery and the International Society for Hair Restoration Surgery. As such, patients can be assured of receiving full professional care as per International standards approved by the ABHRS and ISHRS.

Correct recepient density: To ensure correct recepient density, 'density stamps' are used to ensure proper density is achieved. Angle and direction of hair is meticulously maintained.

Out of body time: The out of body time, the time for which the follicular unit is outside the body, is the most critical factor for success in hair transplant. Aroyam Hair Transplant follows a special procedure to ensure that this time is the minimum. This is done by doing only 1000 follicular units at a time and then replanting them. This ensures that time out of body is less than or equal to1 hour only. This is the shortest period acheivable. Many centers do upto 2000-2500 follicular units at a time so that time out of body goes upto 4-5 hours. We are proud of our time out of body quantum. Though this may cause some sacrifice of time but results are more important.

Follow up: follow up period is critical for the patient when there are many doubts and anxieties in his mind. In our clinic, Dr. P. J. Mazumdar will remain always accessible to the patient directly on his personal mobile for any questions the patient may have during this period.   

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Disclaimer: Results can vary from person to person. Hair Transplant is a surgical procedure and consists only of removing hair from hair growing regions and restoring it to hair deficient regions.

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The academic certificates of Dr. P. J. Mazumdar may be examined here: Academic Certificates. His resume can be perused here: Resume. To find the contact address and other details, go to Contact. The blog contains various blog posts mainly on Hair Transplant.  To see photos of hair transplant cases done in Downtown Hair transplant clinic, go to Photos>Results from the Navigation menu. To see videos related to Hair Transplant Procedure, go to Photos>Videos from the Navigation menu.